Your engine oil and its additives work to absorb and hold inorganic and organic contaminants. Organic elements can include oxidized oil, bugs, and bacteria while inorganic elements can include dust, wearing off the engine, and metallic particles. Car oil helps to protect your engine and enhance its performance and efficiency.
To extend the useful life of the Porsche engine and enjoy better performance, the manufacturers also add oil filters which clean the oil when moving to the critical parts of your engine. But what types of Porches oil filters can you find today?
Early Oil Filters Design
The first oil filter, called Ernest Sweetland, was introduced in the 1920s. Filters of different designs were provided as aftermarket and optional equipment for years and they only become standard equipment in the 1950s.
Early filters design were mainly based on a changeable element fitted in a metal housing. One had to remove the oil filter casing when changing the filter and then discard the element, clean the housing, add a new filter and return the assembly to the car engine.
They solved the contamination issue and prolonged the time required before the need for changing car oil. By 1960s, oil filter and chemistry technology was developed enough to enable 4000 plus mile change intervals.
21st Century Oil Filter Types
There are different types of motor oil filters on the market today and just like the early days; these filters come in different designs. They also vary in terms of prices and buyers get what they pay for. Generally, there are four types of oil filters:
- Standard (paper) filters
- High-performance filters
- Race filters
- Synthetic filters
You need to consider the mission of your car when choosing the right oil filter. A good example is a racecar. The oil in a racecar is changed regularly as the engine is assembled and disabled after every race. Therefore, race filters use light oil (grade zero) and some don’t have drainback valves. On the flip side, high-performance filters are made with a robust case that protects them against damage from debris.
Plastic Or Paper
Filter media also determine the types of Porsche oil filters on the market. Some come with synthetic filter material (as opposed to paper-based material). This media is preferred due to its ability to trap small elements for many miles. They also include unique blends of rubber drainback valves and gaskets. Synthetic filters also have a longer (larger) body than paper filters, which provides them with a bigger capacity.
It won’t make sense to use the cheapest filter and oil in your Porsche just like using high-grade synthetic oil and high-performance filter in your thrashed beater.
How Do Oil Filters Work?
The outer part of oil filters is made of metal fitted with a covering gasket that enables them to be held against your engine mating surface. In addition, the base plate of the metal holds the gasket and has holes around (inside the gasket). There is a central hole that is threated to merge with your oil filter casing on your engine block.
Inside the case is the filter media where the oil is cleaned. Your car engine oil pump pumps the oil to the filter through the holes of the plate. The oil is pushed under pressure (passed) via the filter material and back via the central hole, where it enters the engine.